|• Total||37.2 sq mi (96.3 km2)|
|• Land||36.8 sq mi (95.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)|
|Elevation||1,289 ft (393 m)|
|• Density||9/sq mi (3.4/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0665658|
Spalding Township was named for John L. Spalding, a county official.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 37.2 square miles (96.3 km2), of which 36.8 square miles (95.4 km2) is land and 0.35 square miles (0.9 km2), or 0.91%, is water.
The city of McGregor lies within the township but is a separate entity.
- Little Sheriff Lake
- Lost Lake
- Sheriff Lake
- Starvation Lake
- McGregor Township (north)
- Clark Township (northeast)
- Salo Township (east)
- Beaver Township (southeast)
- Rice River Township (south)
- Lee Township (southwest)
The township contains Sheriff Lake Cemetery.
As of the census of 2000, there were 237 people, 86 households, and 65 families residing in the township. The population density was 6.4 people per square mile (2.5/km2). There were 156 housing units at an average density of 4.2/sq mi (1.6/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 54.01% White, 42.62% Native American, 0.42% Asian, and 2.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.
There were 86 households, out of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 22.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.3% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the township the population was spread out, with 34.6% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.2 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $24,000, and the median income for a family was $25,000. Males had a median income of $31,806 versus $15,893 for females. The per capita income for the township was $10,260. About 26.6% of families and 32.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.0% of those under the age of eighteen and 12.9% of those 65 or over.
- United States National Atlas
- United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles
- United States Board on Geographic Names (GNIS)
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Spalding township, Aitkin County, Minnesota". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 10, 2020. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
- Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 17.